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Fleckvieh x Holstein - Crossbreeding for low-input milk produktion and better fitness

Tuesday 01 December 2015

 Fleckvieh cross cows can rival pure milk producing breeds in terms of milk yield, but with the advantage of ensuring additional income through their fertility, good fitness and milk of high quality.  

  
Additional income results from the sale of the bull calf. The birth of a Fleckvieh calf is much more than the trigger for a new lactation. The results of crossbreeding with Holstein-Friesian and red cattle in Scandinavia are extraordinary.  
 
Breeders appreciate the high performance and the high level of total solids in milk as well as bull calf income.
 
  • Low somatic cell count
  • Optimum milking speed (~ 2.5 l / min.)
  • Excellent Fertility
  • Additional income from the sale of calves and cull cows
 

FV x HF
 
FLECKVIEH x HOLSTEIN
 
The crossbreed that generates greater income for the farm...for increased profitability
 
 
The durable strength provided by the Fleckvieh not only optimises health and fitness, but also beef value. FLECKVIEH x HOLSTEIN bull calves generate extra income not more problems.
 
One farmer has tracked his crossbred calf income over the last year. He has received the equivalent of 1.6 cents €/litre more for each litre of milk sold from the farm as a result of the higher price received for his Fleckvieh cross calves. 
 
Within a dairy herd, there are four potential income streams:
 
  • Milk sales
  • Heifer sales
  • Bull calf sales
  • Cull cow sales
 
With Fleckvieh you will have:
 
  • Good production
  • Well attached silky udders
  • Low cell counts
  • Longevity

Fleckvieh crossbreds are milking from Austria, Czech, Slovakia, France, Germany, Turkey, Italy, the Netherlands, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica and the UK and everywhere the same scenario: strong, long-lasting productive cows that are profitable for their owners. 

  • On average the Holstein breed can produce more milk than the Fleckvieh breed. However this milk is produced at a greater cost:
  • Holstein breed is displaying increased inbreeding and this is lowering reproductive performance.
  • In Austria Fleckvieh cows need about 15% less semen straws to get into calve as a result of better fertility. 
  • Fleckvieh is a low mastitis breed, costing less in treatments, with less milk thrown away and lost milk production .
  • Fleckvieh breed is 30% lower in SCC than Holstein in Austria.
  • The Fleckvieh cows, on average, live longer than Holsteins; about ½ calf more per lifetime, on 2000 cows, this is a lot of extra calves.
  • Fleckvieh has more calves that lice than Holstein, about 20% lower stillbirths, again this adds up to a lot of calves.
  • Fewer metabolic health problems with Flecks than Holstein, less LDA’s for example.
  • Fewer genetic defects in Flecks than Holst.

 

Triple A Codes

Tuesday 01 December 2015

FLECKVIEH from Austria: An easy keeping, dual purpose breed for todays dairy business!!

Tuesday 01 December 2015

BREED HISTORY

1870
The importation of yellow coloured bulls from the Swiss Simmental region and cross-breeding with local red and white spotted Austrian cattle (Fleckvieh) results in a medium stature and very robust breed in various shades of colour and markings. The variety in colour is of no significance as far as usage or genetic properties are concerned. 

1894
Foundation of the first Austrian Simmental Fleckvieh Breeding Association. 

As late as 1950
The top priority was milk, meat and work (featuring superior fitness and a good temperment as a basis for balanced breeding). 

After 1975
Milk and fitness were given increased attention while still keeping an eye on meat output. 

1997
Introduction of the Total Merit Index as a very balanced Breeding Aim for milk, beef and fitness.

 
 

NOW

With over 1.7 million animals, the Fleckvieh/Simmental is the most widely spread breed of cattle in Austria. Simmental/Fleckvieh can be found in intensive big-scale farms in Europe and North America, Australia or South America as well as countries where cattle on small scale farms secure the daily survival of their owners. 

Recently, great gains have been made in the genetic milk productiveness of the Fleckvieh through breed management to the point that the Fleckvieh rivals pure milk producing dairy breeds. Special value is placed on the Fleckvieh fitness characteristics including fertility, longevity, calving ease, udder health, milking speed, somatic cell count, and persistence.

A large percentage of young Fleckvieh cattle are on alpine grazing for the entire Summer months – this involves foraging on very sparse vegetation, on steep slopes, and results in good overall health and longevity.   

Breeding Index:

  • Milk 38 %
  • Beef 16 %
  • Fitness 46 %

 

Demographics:

  • Population: 1.626.105
  • Registered cows:277.579
  • Herds: 16.413
  • Share of breed: 77,7 % (7,4 % of cows on alpine grazing)

 

Characteristics:

  • Life weight: 650 – 850 kg.
  • Height of the rump: 140 – 150 cm
  • First calving (months): 29,8
  • Productive life span (yrs.): 3,8

 

Production:

  • Fat 4,2 %
  • Protein 3,7 %
  • Milk performance 2014 (all cows): 7.473 kg - 4.15 % F - 3.43 % P (305 Days)  

 

Production options: 

Dairy dual purpose breed, excellent for crossing in commercial crossing for dairying. Suitable to all production and climate conditions, fertility, longevity, fit for pasture and loose housing. 

Simmental cows, due to their longevity often reach their peak performance in later lactations. The high sales value of cull cows and the excellent fattening properties of male progeny offer additional sources of income. 

Guaranteed efficiency thanks to:

  • Excellent fertility: non-return rate: 72%
  • Calving intervals: 392 days
  • Low replacement rate: 21%
  • Low somatic cell count
  • Calving ease: 95,3 %
  • Live calves born: 96 %  

... superior beef performance! 

Genetic AUSTRIA GmbH has tested a selection of Fleckvieh bulls for the ß-casein status

Tuesday 01 December 2015

ß-Casein A2 Genetic AUSTRIA GmbH has tested a selection of Fleckvieh bulls for the ß-casein status – A1A2, A1A1 or A2A2. In milk, the casein proteins can either be A1 or A2 or a mixture of the two. The A1 proteinbehaves like an opiate and epidemiological studies have implicated the A1-protein in heart disease, type 1 diabetes, autism and schizophrenia as well as digestive upsets amongst some people.

  

Goat andhuman milk, as well as the milk from BosIndicus cattle breeds is A2, however a mutation occurred in European (Bos Taurus) breeds 5,000 – 10,000 years ago which caused some cows to produce the A1 beta-casein.

The percentage o fcows that are homozygous A2 varies between breeds. Branded A2-milk and dairy products are available in New Zealand, Australia, UK, and Chinawith future plans to launch A2 milk in the US.Of the 41 Fleckvieh bulls sampled 7% tested A1A1, 54% tested A1A2 and 39% tested A2A2 – the following bulls are homozygous A2:

GS MOUNTEVERST, GS ORTLIEB, GS RUMGO, GSVABENE, GS VERSETTO, HALL, IDAKO, IDEAL, IVAN, RAUL, RUMBA, SYMPOSIUM, VINZENZ,VULKAN, WAL, and ZAUBERBERG. 

BREED / RAZA

BULL / TORO

ID / NRO.

ß-CASEIN

FV

ZAUBERBERG

DE 09 47682251

A2A2

FV

RUMBA

AT 623.710.746

A2A2

FV

VINZENZ

AT 875.986.109

A2A2

FV

RAUL

AT 067.387.916

A2A2

FV

IVAN

AT 794.603.316

A2A2

FV

IDAKO

AT 951.636.717

A2A2

FV

SYMPOSIUM

AT 499.482.519

A2A2

FV

HALL

DE 09 43205318

A2A2

FV

VULKAN

AT 273.921.518

A2A2

FV

IDEAL

AT 840.792.116

A2A2

FV

WAL

AT 841.069.834

A2A2

FV

GS ORTLIEB

AT 162.724.219

A2A2

FV

GS VERSETTO

AT 260.829.316

A2A2

FV

GS VABENE

AT 639.710.516

A2A2

FV

GS RUMGO

AT 168.213.272

A2A2

FV

GS MOUNTEVEREST

AT 542.420.119

A2A2

FV

RORB

AT 643.735.845

A2A2

FV

WABAN

AT 806.062.819

A1A2

FV

VAUXAL

AT 959.964.317

A1A2

FV

RUFIR

AT 804.786.716

A1A2

FV

WIKINGER

AT 430.669.419

A1A2

FV

IDAKA

AT 247.386.419

A1A2

FV

VARENA

AT 063.994.717

A1A2

FV

ROMARIO

AT 704.199.307

A1A2

FV

ZANETTI

AT 221.512.514

A1A2

FV

RASINO

AT 400.482.914

A1A2

FV

WILLE

DE 08 13516428

A1A2

FV

GS RAU

AT 653.713.345

A1A2

FV

GS IKEBANA

DE 09 43227914

A1A2

FV

GS ILKON

AT 376.376.418

A1A2

FV

GS RAVE

AT 400.484.214

A1A2

FV

GS VOLONTAER

AT 231.585.817

A1A2

FV

GS HEROIN

AT 834.390.309

A1A2

FV

GS WOHLTAT

AT 172.718.519

A1A2

FV

GS WALLIS

AT 934.175.619

A1A2

FV

GS RUFUSS

AT 631.632.316

A1A2

FV

GS HEIDUCK

AT 196.153.916

A1A2

FV

GS VULVUS

AT 461.537.709

A1A2

Confident Crossbreeding with the second largest dairy breed in the world

Monday 23 November 2015

Confident Crossbreeding with the second largest dairy breed in the world.

Celtic Sires now offering Dairy Fleckvieh semen

Thursday 09 April 2015

Celtic Sires are now offering Dairy Fleckvieh semen in Ireland from all Austrian Dairy Fleckvieh bulls.  Current stocks include many of the top Daughter Proven bulls on the Current list, including Wille - the top bull on index, with 99% reliability, GS Vox, GS Versetto, Heiduck, and Rufuss.  More details to follow shortly, or email us for more information on these bulls